The World Factbook
The World Factbook

GERMANY

Introduction ::GERMANY Background: As Europe’s largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent’s economic, political, and …

ITALY

Introduction ::ITALY Background: Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King …

JAPAN

Introduction ::JAPAN Background: In 1603, after decades of civil warfare, the Tokugawa shogunate (a military-led, dynastic government) ushered in a long period of relative political …